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The work at the conference will proceed in eight sections:
Last Update
09.05.2016

Interaction between International Law and Constitutional Values

International public, international private and the European Union law

Moderated by Associate Professor A.Kučs and Assistant Professor I.Kačevska

In the recent years the relationship between international law and the values of constitutional law have seen significant development. “Constitutionalisation” is referred to more frequently in international law – partially as an attempt to identify the shared values of the international community, which would allow creating an international public order, which is acutely needed in the age of globalisation. At the same time the constitutionalisation of international law might offer a solution to the growing trend that that sub-branches of international law – human rights, trade, environment or humanitarian law, or regional system of law – are distancing themselves from each other and entering into conflicts.

Likewise, the constitutional and legal system of each country in general develops by responding to processes in international law. Moreover, not infrequently international, regional values and the constitutional values of some countries become contradictory in their process of evolution.

This section of the conference will examine the interaction between international public and private law, as well as the European Union law with the constitutional values of different legal system, providing an insight into current relevant issues, which could be of interest both for members of academia and for practitioners.

Protection of Constitutional Values in Criminal Law and Criminal Procedure Law

Criminal law, criminal procedure

Moderated by Professor K.Strada-Rozenberga

The work of this section will foreground findings, conclusions, forecasts and recommendations regarding protection of constitutional values in criminal law and criminal procedure law.

Criminal liability – one of the most severe types of public law responsibility – is significant in protecting the most important values. Both criminal offences against the state and against the interests of particular persons have been constructed for the protection of constitutional values, protecting persons’ life, health, freedom and sexual integrity, as well as property, etc. The fact that liability for a number of components of criminal offences has been envisaged for the protection of particular values is the grounds for in-depth scrutiny thereof. Such issues as, whether the existing model of criminal law liability is perfect, whether any problematic issues can be identified in the legal regulation on concrete components of a criminal offence may be examined, likewise, issues of practical application of legal norms, emphasizing the need for a fair solution to criminal law relationships. It must be underscored that a fair outcome cannot be achieved without fair proceedings, which allows taking up the field of criminal procedure law. Constitutional values in criminal proceedings may be examined from various points of view. Possible restrictions upon them to ensure proper course of criminal proceedings may be analysed, it is also possible to focus upon safeguarding constitutional values as an integral part of due procedure.

Value - Ideology – Norm

Theory of law, philosophy of law, sociology of law, history of law

Moderated by Assistant Professor J.Pleps

The text of a legal norm and the practice of applying it reflect the values of the respective system of law. Values recognised in a legal system, in their turn, constitute a certain ideology. For the parties applying law it is not enough to formally apply the text of a legal norm, quite often they have to deal with conflicts of values that have been encoded in various legal norms and have to make value judgements. Most recent trends in the development of the theory, sociology and philosophy of law, their connection with generally recognised values in a legal system and their transposition into legal norms and legal reality will be discussed at the section.

The Role of Private Law in Reinforcing Constitutional Values

Civil law, civil procedure

Moderated by Associate Professor J.Kārkliņš and Assistant Professor V.Mantrovs

The private law section of the conference will cover fundamental issues in substantive and procedural law. This time the aim of the conference is to focus upon significant fundamental issues in civil law. Even though constitutional law, basically, is not directly applicable in private law, nevertheless, its impact is substantive and important in reinforcing legal security also in the field of civil law. The aim of scientific presentations in this conference is to identify, solve and improve important civil law issues both in practice and in theory.

Legal Persons as Participants of Legal Proceedings and Their Right to a Fair Procedure

Moderated by Professor Ā.Meikališa

The legal reality of contemporary life demands more active involvement in issues that are linked to the legal status of legal persons, including their legal liability and legal protection. Legal persons more often become involved in proceedings as active participants thereof, including such proceedings, which previously did not envisage active involvement by legal persons, for example, in the field of public sanctions. This situation attracts interest and is the grounds for conducting in-depth studies to gain an insight into the current situation, identify problematic issues and propose solutions. One of the issues to be foregrounded is the right of legal persons to a fair procedure. Undeniably, legal persons, as any participant of proceedings, generally have this right. However, its content is not always clear and understandable, and some aspects of a fair procedure, which indisputably apply to natural persons, are no longer as clear with regard to legal persons. This section of the conference will be dedicated to these and other relevant aspects in the legal status of legal persons as participants of proceedings.

This section will be held in the framework of project No. 5.2.10 “Elaboration of a sustainable model for increasing the effectiveness of the legal framework for economic transformation” of the National Research Programme for 2014-2017 "Economic Transformation, smart growth, governance and legal framework for the state and society for sustainable development - a new approach to the creation of a sustainable learning community - EKOSOC - LV"

Experience, Lessons and International Importance of the Restoration of Independent Statehood of the Republic of Latvia. Historical, Political and Legal Aspects

Moderated by Professor J.Lazdiņš

The state of Latvia is the highest value to the Latvian nation and people. To preserve it, people must sacrifice their life and property. During the comparatively short period of the existance of the Republic of Latvia its history has experienced a number of contradictory milestones. As from the proclamation of statehood, obtaining freedom by struggle in the war for independance, consolidation and prosperity, loss and renewal of independance de facto.

Up to now questions on state continuity have not been sufficiently discussed in international forums in law. However these questions do affect aspects of state continuity, if focusing on the experience of the Republic of Latvia - especially in the discourse of law. The state of Latvia has absolute value in the light of constitutional law. 

Section in Honour of the Twentieth Anniversary of the Constitutional Court of the Republic of Latvia

Moderated by Associate Professor A.Rodiņa

In the summer of 1996 a new constitutional institution – the Constitutional Court – was founded for the first time in the history of Latvia, it was entrusted with the right to review the compliance of laws with the Satversme [the Constitution], as well hear other cases within its jurisdiction. The establishment of the Constitutional Court, in a sense, was a bold action, since an institution, which has been given the right to recognise laws and parts thereof as being invalid, is, undoubtedly, inconvenient for politicians. However, within those 20 years the Constitutional Court has become an authoritative institution, trusted, first of all, by society and respected by other constitutional institutions. To a large extent this is the result of high quality work done by the Constitutional Court.

At the same time, 20 years is a sufficiently long period of time for assessing the achievements of the Constitutional Court. Such issues as types of applications, variety of applicants, decisions by the panels and the assignment sittings of the Constitutional Court, quality of judgements, impact and significance will always stay relevant. Research of the legal status of the Constitutional Court and its justices, possible broadening of jurisdiction should be expanded and continued. The comparative law aspect is important, it can open a new perspective on improving the work of the Latvian Constitutional Court.