The work at the conference will proceed in eight sections:

In 2019, 200 years will pass since all people in the Baltics have had personal liberty. The serfdom was abolished (1816-1819) in the Baltic Provinces of the Russian Empire. Contemporary understanding of human dignity and of the safeguards for fundamental rights is inconceivable without personal human liberty. Only a democratic state governed by the rule of law, founded on democratic values, is the safeguard for freedom the rule of law, justice, equality, and other values of civil society. The discussion on the importance of the abolition of serfdom in the development of civil society and states governed by the rule of law, founded on democratic values, in the Baltic Sea region in the 19th c .- the first half of the 20th century will create knowledge about the process, in which the fundamental values of the contemporary European Union have developed. The transfer of the generalised knowledge and, thus, sustainability thereof, will be ensured by involving the broadest layers of society in the work of the section (as the audience and the speakers) and by publishing the conference papers.

The possible thematic lines of the section:

  • The impact of the natural law doctrine and political processes on the abolition of serfdom in the Baltic Sea region;
  • The personal human liberty and the national self-consciousness;
  • Personalities and ideas regarding the values of civil society in the period following the abolition of serfdom until World War I;
  • The origins of democratic traditions in the Baltic Sea region;
  • The origins of  nation-  and state-centred thinking in the Baltic Sea region. 

Sustainability is a relatively new concept, which is gaining relevance in the contemporary society and in the science of constitutional law. Sustainability encompasses various issues and long-term social problems, for instance, the society of contemporary Europe faces challenges to sustainability in the context of environment, demography and financial matters. Likewise, challenges to the legal science are caused by the constant development of modern technologies, which, on the one hand, makes the daily life of people more convenient but, on the other hand, leads to a number of challenges related to the protection of personal privacy and data.

Undeniably, the growth of entrepreneurship is also of vital importance for the sustainability of the society and the state; however, also the subjects involved in business often face various challenges of constitutional nature that are being resolved both in the courts of general jurisdiction and in the Constitutional Court.

Likewise, a constant problem of the state law is the setting of a reasonable balance between the interests of society and those of an individual in the context of various fields of law.

It is planned to cover in this section  various issues pertaining to the most recent developments in the matters related to the state law.

The possible thematic lines of the section:

  • The principle of sustainability and its reflection in law;
  • The new technologies and law;
  • Business and constitutional law;
  • Human rights, values of the state and sustainable development;
  • The principle of separation of powers and the scope of judicial review.

In a democratic state governed by the rule of law, alongside due application of legal norms the issue of due procedure for creating legal norms, leading to the adoption of qualitatively written legal norms, becomes more significant.

Legisprudence, as a specific sub-branch of the theory of law, which elaborates proposals for improving the procedure for creating new legal norms and drafting of as good legal norms as possible, has experienced fast development over the recent decades. Parallel to this, improving the procedure for creating new legal norms and adoption of high-quality norms of written law are more often turning into issues, which are dealt with by the constitutional court, the European Court of Human Rights, and the Court of Justice of the European Union.

In the Latvian legal system, this development has allowed deriving the principle of good legislation from the principle of a democratic state governed by the rule of law, which defines the framework for the creation of new legal norms and drafting new norms of the written law.

In this section, it is planned to cover various issues pertaining to the most recent trends in the development of law creation and in the drafting of new norms of written law.

The possible thematic lines of the section:

  • improving the processes of creating new legal norms in a democratic state governed by the rule of law;
  • development of legisprudence and its impact on the process of creating new legal norms;
  • a law adopted in due procedure as the basis for restricting a person’s fundamental rights;
  • the sociology of legislation and its significance in the process of creating new legal norms;
  • the principle of good legislation as the legal framework for the creation of new legal norms in a democratic state governed by the rule of law;
  • the standards of good legislation set by the constitutional court and the possibilities of reviewing them.

Conflicts are an indispensable part of life, we all experience them in our daily life, and both legal proceedings and news reports, as well as other news items and events remind us of it. Therefore all contemporary societies need appropriate and expedient procedures for dispute resolutions.

Since the beginning of 2015, mediation in Latvia has set on a new path, i.e., the courts recommend mediation as an alternative and a good assistant in dispute resolution. Although mediation is a new concept, as it has been encountered in Latvia in various forms already since the beginning of 2000, with the adoption of the Mediation Law in 2014 and its introduction in courts, new issues that require resolution constantly arise, related both to the introduction of mediation, mediation training and certification, qualification of mediators, a mediator’s ethics, and the need for supervision, etc.

Possible thematic lines of the section:

  • The place of mediation on the disputes in various fields – labour, family, commercial law, etc.;
  • Mediators’ education, its legal solutions;
  • Certification of mediators in Latvia and in the world;
  • Some emotional challenges and solutions during the mediation process;
  • The process of mediation and the advocate’s role in it;
  • The need for supervision in mediation;
  • Cross-border disputes;
  • Future outlooks and challenges of mediation.

The private law as an important part of law has developed over time, improving the existing legal institutions and creating new ones. However, it can be observed more frequently that the State, with the regulation set by regulatory enactments, intensifies its impact on the field of private law, in particular, that of contract law – defining the limits, within which the contracting parties have the right to act, or even prohibit certain agreements, which previously used to be fully legal. These restrictions, which decrease the significance of the principle of the freedom of contract law, are introduced for the sake of public interests, and legal scholars are of the consensus that such restrictions, in general, are well founded. However, a question remains unanswered – to what extent is the defining of such restrictions by the State well-founded and correct? Are the frameworks applied by the State to regulate private law fostering the development of a field of law or, quite on the contrary, slowing it down? Are there any unregulated fields, which the State until now has neglected and left solely in the discretion of the contracting parties? In the age of development of the Internet technologies, probably, the protection of some rights, including, the intellectual property rights or improvement of regulation is required.

To make the legal science able to provide correct and comprehensive answers to the questions proposed above, it is planned to cover in the section of private law a broad spectrum of private law, analysing the trends in the development of diverse regulations on private law, the expected challenges and possible improvements in the 21st century.

The private law section will be divided into two parts, one with the Latvian as the language of proceedings, the other – with English as the language of proceedings. The speakers may freely choose the section, in which to present their research.

The possible thematic lines of the section:

  • contract law;
  • right in rem;
  • intellectual rights, including, Internet law;
  • commercial law;
  • labour law;
  • family and inheritance law;
  • procedural law.

This section of the conference is dedicated to issues of international private law. The challenges of legal science will be examined in interconnection with such topics as, for instance, the applicable legal acts with respect to international commercial agreements, agreements on the choice of court, international arbitration, agreement related to  issues in the international family law, international transportation agreements and the autonomy of parties in the field of contract law in the context of international private law. Thus, the section of the conference would cover both discussions on relevant topics related to the basic issues of international private law and would also provide an opportunity for giving presentations on more specific issues.

The possible thematic lines of the section:

  • The European international civil procedure;
  • International dispute resolution;
  • Application of foreign law;
  • Issues of contract law in the context of international private law;
  • International private law in the context of commercial law;
  • International private law in the context of family law;
  • International arbitration procedure.

This section of the conference focuses on the issues of international public law and the EU law. The challenges to the legal science will be examined in interconnection with such topics as, for example, the impact of various international judicial institutions on the legal systems of the Member States, the peculiarities of the transposition of international and EU legal norms into the national legal systems, the topical issues of the state liability in both international and the EU law. Thus, the section of the conference will provide an opportunity to examine and compare the interaction of international and EU law with the national legal systems from various vantage points.

The possible thematic lines of the section:

  • Human rights and the European Court of Human Rights;
  • Transposition of the EU law;
  • Application of the EU law in national courts;
  • State liability in international and EU law;
  • Application of international public law in national courts.

The events of the last decades have led to a growing importance of the sciences of criminal law both on the regional and on a broader scale. On the level of law policy, the field of criminal law regulation has been recognised as being one of the most effective for regulating social processes. The outcome of this has been the application of the criminal law regulation to such areas that until now had  not been subjected to it or had been subjected on another level. Likewise, the current changes in society, in the mode of its functioning, in the available resources, changes in the understanding of the processes, etc. have created the grounds for establishing new institutions of criminal law or significantly changing the existing ones. The institutions, which a couple of decades ago were perceived rather sceptically, currently have been implemented and function. A vivid example of this is the criminal law liability of legal persons, the expanded and non-sentencing based confiscation of property, etc., the ever-expanding uses of information recorded by technical means in criminal proceedings, and other institutions of the contemporary criminal law. The EU-level processes in harmonising and concerted development of the field of criminal law cannot be ignored, these sometimes demand the Member States to adopt an unorthodox model of action, revisiting practice that had been applied for a long time. New trends are caused also by the contemporary trends in the development of human rights, for example, protection of personal data, resigning from examining criminal proceedings in courts, etc. The scholars of criminal law cannot ignore these developments either. Their activities are all the more important, since the newly introduced institutions, significant changes to the existing ones, the fast development of legal norms, as well as the need to find solutions that are based on legal science, define the need for theoretical research that would lay the foundations for a high-quality discussion and the development of the respective field.

The section of the criminal law science plans to examine challenges brought to the development of the criminal law science by the events of the 21st century, examining these in three interconnected thematic blocks:

  • The development of the understanding of substantial and procedural principles of criminal law, issues of systemic importance, and of  fundamental concepts over the last decades and in the recent future;
  • The criminal law aspects of economic interests and the protection thereof;
  • The relevance of the protection of human rights in the field of criminal law.